Introduction: Coronavirus disease 2019: COVID 19, is a new communicable disease caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus, which appeared in Wuhan, Hubei Province, China in December 2019, and declared a global pandemic on March 11, 2020, by the World Health Organization (WHO). This disease is generally manifested by damage to the airways, most often of a mild form, but can be complicated by acute respiratory distress syndrome. Patients with end-stage renal disease are at high risk of contracting the infection, due to their co-morbidities, the state of immunosuppression and the logistical aspect of the provision of care requiring physical movement of patients to the center dialysis.
Objectives of this study: This study aims to assess the knowledge, attitude and perception, in terms of the 2019 coronavirus pandemic, of a sample of patients with chronic end-stage renal disease hemodialysis at the nephrology and dialysis center at the university hospital Cheikh Khalifa Ibn Zaid , in Casablanca, where positive COVID 19 patients were hospitalized and treated during the pandemic.
Design: The investigation began after the decree of compulsory confinement and the state of health emergency by the Moroccan government. Awareness sessions, for patients and their family members, were led by nursing staff at the start of the period and during the COVID 19 pandemic. The measuring instrument used was a self-administered questionnaire, 1 month after the start of confinement, with 25 patients with chronic end-stage renal disease on hemodialysis at the rate of 3 sessions per week, at the nephrology and dialysis center at the university hospital. Sheikh Khalifa Ibn Zaid. This questionnaire was carried out after a review of the literature and included 4 headings: a) socio-demographic data b) general knowledge of COVID19 disease c) the attitude of hemodialysis patients outside and inside the dialysis center d) and their perception of this pandemic.
Results : The majority of our patients were fairly well informed about the clinical presentation, the means of transmission and the prevention measures against coronavirus 2019. The means of protection were respected outside and in the university hospital center. There were no positive COVID 19 cases among our patients. Despite all the measures taken, the concern of contacting the virus was raised by most patients, especially in the hospital, during the dialysis session and in contact with medical personnel.
Conclusion: Given the rapid spread and severe progression of COVID 19, it seems prudent that this profile of patients with end-stage chronic renal failure be included in high-risk populations with close medical and also psychological monitoring, tests screening and awareness and support sessions.
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Copyright (c) 2020 El Oury Hiba et al.