A Rare Presentation of Bilateral Vocal Cord Paralysis in Late Stage Parkinson’s Disease

Sharir Asrul Bin Asnawi

Abstract


Abstract

Introduction: Vocal cord paralysis often causes mortality by upper airway obstruction in some neurodegenerative diseases such as Parkinson’s disease and multiple system atrophy. Vocal cord paralysis is uncommon in Parkinson’s disease (PD) in contrary it is more common in multiple system atrophy (MSA). The pathogenesis of vocal cord paralysis in Parkinson’s disease is not well understood but may involve degeneration of the nucleus ambiguous. In terms of managing patient with bilateral vocal cord paralysis in PD, it can be either performing tracheostomy to relive the upper airway obstruction or by optimizing the medical treatment. There are very few available reported cases whereby patient are treated with medical treatment alone.

Case Report: We report a case of 65 years old lady who presented with stridor resulting from bilateral vocal cord paralysis and she has been diagnosed to have Parkinson’s disease for more than 10 years. She had her antiparkinson medication optimized and requiring no surgical intervention to relieve the upper airway obstruction.

Conclusion:

In conclusion we would like to emphasize that it is important to recognize bilateral vocal cord paralysis in Parkinson’s disease and early optimization of medical treatment could avoid a need of tracheostomy.

Keywords


stridor, vocal cord paralysis, late stage Parkinson’s disease, upper airway obstruction

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15342%2Fijms.v5iR.244

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