TOWARDS THE 9TH EDITION OF THE TUMOUR, NODE AND METASTASIS CLASSIFICATION OF LUNG CANCER. A HISTORICAL APPRAISAL AND FUTURE PERSPECTIVES

Ramón Rami-Porta

Abstract


Since 1966 the classification of anatomic extent of lung cancer, based on the primary tumour (T), the loco-regional lymph nodes (N) and the metastases (M) has been used in the management of lung cancer patients. Developed by Pierre Denoix, it was adopted by the Union for International Cancer Control and the American Joint Committee on Cancer. Clifton Mountain revised the second through the sixth editions based on a North American database of more than 5000 patients. For the seventh and the eighth editions, the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer (IASLC) collected international databases of around 100,000 patients worldwide that allowed the introduction of innovations in both editions, namely the subdivision of the T and M categories based on tumour size and on the location and number of metastases, respectively. The revisions also showed the prognostic relevance of the quantification of nodal disease, and proposed recommendations on how to measure tumour size for solid lung cancers, part-solid adenocarcinomas, and for lung cancers removed after induction therapy. Despite the innovations, prognosis based on the anatomic extent is limited, because prognosis depends on factors related to the tumour, the patient and the environment. For the 9th edition, these factors, especially genetic biomarkers, will be combined in prognostic groups to refine prognosis at clinical and pathologic staging. To achieve this challenging objective, international cooperation is essential, and the IASLC Staging and Prognostic Factors Committee counts on it for the development of the 9th edition due to be published in 2024.    


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15342%2Fatd.v1i2.293

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