Effect of Electromagnetic Waves of Mobile Phone on Human Brain
PDF

Keywords

Mobile Phone
Electromagnetic Fields
Human Brain
EMR

How to Cite

1.
Faiz I, El Kadmiri N. Effect of Electromagnetic Waves of Mobile Phone on Human Brain. Health Sci. [Internet]. 2020 Oct. 25 [cited 2022 May 16];. Available from: https://mbmj.org/index.php/hs/article/view/265

Abstract

Mobile phones (MP) have become one of the most used devices for communication. Historically, enough proof has ruled out the substantial short-term effect of radiofrequency electromagnetic field (RF-EMF) emitted by MP on the human brain and its cognitive performance. The aim of this mini-review is to examine the different effects of electromagnetic waves emitted by MP on the human brain. We base our arguments on analyzing recent neuroimaging and electroencephalography studies that will elaborate on the effects of the human brain's exposure to the EMF’MP. Several studies indicated an increase in cortical excitability and/or efficiency related to EMF exposure, while other experiments proved that no changes or variations have been found after EMF exposure. Based on a study done in 2020, the exposure to EMF emitted by MP has no abnormal discharges during the real MPR exposure. In contrast, an increase in events number in real exposure has been found.

https://doi.org/10.15342/hs.2020.265
PDF

References

World Health Organization. Electromagnetic fields and public health: mobile phones. Fact sheet. 2014; 193. [Cited 2022 Mar 24]. Available from: https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/electromagnetic-fields-and-public-health-mobile-phones

Gupta N, Goyal D, Sharma R, Arora KS. Effect of Prolonged Use of Mobile Phone on Brainstem Auditory Evoked Potentials. J Clin Diagn Res. 2015 May;9(5): CC07-9. https://doi.org/10.7860/jcdr/2015/13831.5976

El-Gohary OA, Said MA. Effect of electromagnetic waves from mobile phone on immune status of male rats: possible protective role of vitamin D. Can J Physiol Pharmacol. 2017 Feb; 95(2):151-156. https://doi.org/10.1139/cjpp-2016-0218

Ragy MM. Effect of exposure and withdrawal of 900-MHz-electromagneticwaves on brain, kidney and liver oxidative stress and some biochemical parameters inmale rats. Electromagn Biol Med. 2015;34(4):279-84. https://doi.org/10.3109/15368378.2014.906446

Forouharmajd F, Pourabdian S, Ebrahimi H. Evaluating Temperature Changes of Brain Tissue Due to Induced Heatingof Cell Phone Waves. Int J Prev Med. 2018 Apr 26;9:40. https://doi.org/10.4103/ijpvm.ijpvm_393_16

Pattnaik S, Dhaliwal BS, Pattnaik SS. Impact analysis of mobile phone electromagnetic radiations on human electroencephalogram. 2019;134. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12046-019-1116-y

Volkow ND, Tomasi D, Wang GJ, Vaska P, Fowler JS, Telang F, et al. Effects of cell phone radiofrequency signal exposure on brain glucose metabolism. JAMA. 2011 Feb 23;305(8):808-13. https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.2011.186

Trunk A, Stefanics G, Zentai N, Kovács-Bálint Z, Thuróczy G, Hernádi I. No Effects of a Single 3GUMTS MP Exposure on Spontaneous EEG activity, ERP correlates, and automatic deviance detection. Bioelectromagnetics. 2013 Jan;34(1):31-42. https://doi.org/10.1002/bem.21740

Zentai N, Csathó Á, Trunk A, Fiocchi S, Parazzini M, Ravazzani P, et al. No Effects of Acute Exposure to Wi-Fi Electromagnetic Fields on Spontaneous EEG Activity and Psychomotor Vigilance in Healthy Human Volunteers Radiat Res. 2015 Dec;184(6):568-77. https://doi.org/10.1667/rr13896.1

Roggeveen S, van Os J, Lousberg R. Does the Brain Detect 3G MP radiation peaks? an Explorative In-Depth analysis of an experimental study. PLoS One. 2015 May 11;10(5):e0125390. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0125390

Adibzadeh F, Bakker JF, Paulides MM, Verhaart RF, van Rhoon GC. Impact of head morphology on local brain specific absorption rate from exposure to MP radiation. Bioelectromagnetics. 2015 Jan;36(1):66-76. https://doi.org/10.1002/bem.21885

Roggeveen S, van Os J, Viechtbauer W, Lousberg R. EEG changes due to experimentally induced 3G MP Radiation. PLoS One. 2015 Jun 8;10(6):e0129496. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0129496

Buckus R, Strukcinskiene B, Raistenskis J, Stukas R. Modelling and assessment of the electric field strength caused by MP to the human head. Vojnosanit Pregl. 2016 Jun;73(6):538-43. https://doi.org/10.2298/vsp141221044b

Selmaoui B, Andrianome S, Ghosn R, de Seze R. Effect of acute exposure to REFs emitted by a MP (GSM 900 MHz) on electrodermal responsiveness in healthy human. Int J Radiat Biol. 2018 Oct;94(10):890-895. https://doi.org/10.1080/09553002.2018.1503431

Azmy R, Shamloul R, Elsawy NAF, Elkholy S, Maher E. Effects of mobile phones electromagnetic radiation on patients with epilepsy: an EEG study. Egypt J Neurol Psychiatry Neurosurg. 2020; 56: 36. https://doi.org/10.1186/s41983-020-00167-2

Vogel F. The Genetic basis of the normal human electroencephalogram (EEG). Humangenetik. 1970 Sep 17;10(2):91-114. https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00295509

Barth A, Ponocny I, Gnambs T, Winker R. No effects of short‐term exposure to mobile phone electromagnetic fields on human cognitive performance: A meta‐analysis. Bioelectromagnetics. 2012 Feb;33(2):159-65. https://doi.org/10.1002/bem.20697

van Deventer E, van Rongen E, Saunders R. WHO research agenda for radiofrequency fields. Bioelectromagnetics. 2011 Jul;32(5):417-21. https://doi.org/10.1002/bem.20660

Valentini E, Ferrara M, Presaghi F, De Gennaro L, Curcio G. Systematic review and meta-analysis of psychomotor effects of mobile phone electromagnetic fields. Occup Environ Med. 2010 Oct;67(10):708-16. https://doi.org/10.1136/oem.2009.047027

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Copyright (c) 2020 Faiz I & El Kadmiri N