A Systematic Review of the Nickel Content of the Normal Human Prostate Gland


Human Prostate
Normal Prostatic Tissue
Trace Elements

How to Cite

Zaichick V. A Systematic Review of the Nickel Content of the Normal Human Prostate Gland. Health Sci. [Internet]. 2021 Jan. 11 [cited 2022 May 16];. Available from: https://mbmj.org/index.php/hs/article/view/334


Introduction: The prostate gland is subject to various disorders. The etiology and pathogenesis of these diseases remain not well understood. Moreover, despite technological advancements, the differential diagnosis of prostate disorders has become progressively more complex and controversial. It was suggested that the nickel (Ni) level in prostatic tissue plays an important role in prostatic carcinogenesis and its measurement may be useful as a cancer biomarker. These suggestions promoted more detailed studies of the Ni content in the prostatic tissue of healthy subjects. Materials and methods: The present study is evaluated by systematic analysis of the published data for Ni content analyzed in prostatic tissue of “normal” glands. This evaluation reviewed 1889 studies, all of which were published in the years from 1921 to 2020 and were located by searching the databases Scopus, PubMed, MEDLINE, ELSEVIER-EMBASE, Cochrane Library, and the Web of Science. The articles were analyzed and “Median of Means” and “Range of Means” were used to examine the heterogeneity of the measured Ni content in prostates of apparently healthy men. Results: The objective analysis was performed on data from the 20 studies, which included 743 subjects. It was found that the range of means of prostatic Ni content reported in the literature for “normal” gland varies widely from 0.030 mg/kg to 4.50 mg/kg with a median of means 0.625 mg/kg on a wet mass basis. Conclusion: Because of the small sample size and high data heterogeneity, we recommend other primary studies be performed.



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