Objective: Over the past decade, and despite the increasing awareness of suicide attempts among adults in Morocco, there was no complete system of statistics. As a result, the socio-demographic profile of reported adult suicide attempts varied in some studies. The purpose of this study was to provide the socio-demographic and clinical profile of suicide attempts in adults in a Moroccan hospital.
Methods: A retrospective study of a descriptive type carried out in Psychiatric University Hospital Arrazi-Salé during one and a half year (January 2016 to April 2017). The information was collected using a pre-established questionnaire based on medical records. The data entry and statistical evaluation were performed by the SPSS software (20.0).
Results: A total of 62 patients were recruited, 32 women and 30 men who met the eligibility criteria. The profile of the suicidal attempters who must be kept in the hospital to prevent a suicidal recidivism is a young adult between the ages of 25 and 40, male, with psychiatric disorder: mood disorder, schizophrenia, anxiety disorder, borderline personality disorder, histrionic or psychopathic personality, alcohol or other psychoactive substance dependence, familial and emotional connectedness, material deprivation with previous suicide attempt that demonstrates the possibility of acting out because as we known that the risk of recidivism increases with the number of previous attempts.
Conclusion: The development of repeated epidemiological surveys makes it possible to better understand the prevalence of suicide attempts in Morocco and to implement suicide prevention programs.
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