Multiple Myeloma Revealed by a Sphenoid Plasmocytoma: Case Report and Literature Review


Multiple myeloma
Skull base


How to Cite

Kadiri S. Multiple Myeloma Revealed by a Sphenoid Plasmocytoma: Case Report and Literature Review. Integr J Med Sci [Internet]. 2016 Jan. 30 [cited 2024 Jul. 24];3:57-9. Available from:


Plasma cell neoplasms can manifest as solitary or multiple plasmacytomas and may be associated with or progressing to multiple myeloma (MM). Cranial and intracranial plasmacytomas revealing multiple myeloma are very rare and only a few cases are reported in the literature.
We report the case of a sphenoid plasmacytoma that revealed multiple myeloma in a 56-year-old woman with 3 months history of temporal headache and diplopia. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computed tomography (CT) showed a sphenoid mass. An endoscopic sphenoidal biopsy was performed and the histopathological exams showed a plasmacytoma with positive staining for CD138. Further biological studies confirmed the diagnosis of multiple myeloma with a monoclonal gamma peak of immunoglobulin (Ig) A. The patient started systemic chemotherapy and received decompressive radiation therapy on the sphenoidal sinus. She remained in remission for 8 months and died from renal dysfunction. 
Although the sphenoid plasmacytoma is a very rare presentation of multiple myeloma it should be considered for effective patient management and prognosis improvement.


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Copyright (c) 2016 Selma Kadiri


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