Over-The-Counter Sales of Antibiotics at Community Pharmacies in Belize: A Cross-Sectional Simulated Client Visit study


Antibiotic Resistance
Simulated Client
Over the Counter


How to Cite

Husaini DC, Abubakar Y, Harris-Thurton L, Mphuthi DD. Over-The-Counter Sales of Antibiotics at Community Pharmacies in Belize: A Cross-Sectional Simulated Client Visit study . Integr J Med Sci [Internet]. 2021 Mar. 3 [cited 2024 Jun. 15];8. Available from: https://mbmj.org/index.php/ijms/article/view/455


Aim: In Belize, antibiotics are categorized as prescription-only drugs, and their sales over the counter without a prescription is prohibited. This study assessed the sales and dispensing of antibiotics in community pharmacies without a prescription.
Methods: 36 community pharmacies in 4 districts of Belize were assessed for non-prescription sales of antibiotics using a simulated client method (SCM) approach from September to November 2019.
Results: The majority (19; 52.8%) of the community pharmacies assessed refused to sell antibiotics without a prescription from a physician. Approximately 17 (47.2%) sold and dispensed antibiotics to simulated clients (SCs) without a prescription. Adequate patient counseling was provided by the pharmacists to the SCs.
Conclusion: Some level of lack of compliance with the sales of antibiotics without prescription was observed among community pharmacists in this study. There is a need to reinforce stricter control on the sales and dispensing of antibiotics without prescription in the country of Belize.



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Copyright (c) 2021 Husaini DC et al.


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