Starting from the general concept of affectivity, the present work focuses on the clinical, neurobiological, and dysfunctional aspects of the morbid condition, when dysfunction gradually becomes first an affective addiction and then a symptom of a psychopathological personality picture, thus suggesting a multidimensional treatment. From effective dependence to personality disorders, about the dynamics of human bonding, to the implications determined by the attachment theory, trying to demonstrate that the clinical category of affective dependence cannot be considered simply a form of behavioral dependence, as erroneously done in the last decade, but as a symptom of a psychopathological manifestation of personality, in a framework of diagnostic transversality.
Perrotta G. Psicologia generale, Luxco Ed, 1th ed. 2019.
Abbagnano N. Dizionario di filosofia, Utet, Torino. 1995.
Perrotta G. Dysfunctional attachment and psychopathological outcomes in childhood and adulthood. Open J Trauma. 2020; 4(1): 012-021. https://dx.doi.org/10.17352/ojt.000025.
Panksepp J, Biven L. The Archeology of Mind. Neuroevolutionary Origins Of Human Emotions, W.W. Norton & Company. New York; 2012.
Perrotta G. Anxiety disorders: definitions, contexts, neural correlates and strategic therapy, Journal of Neurology and Neuroscience. J Neur Neurosci. 2019; 6(1):046.
Perrotta G. Panic disorder: definitions, contexts, neural correlates, and clinical strategies. Current Trends in Clinical & Medical Sciences, Curr Tr Clin & Med Sci. 2019;1(2):2019.
Perrotta G. Neural correlates in eating disorders: Definition, contexts and clinical strategies, Journal of Public Health and Nutrition, J Pub Health Catalog. 2019; 2(2): 137-148.
Perrotta G. Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder: definition, contexts, neural correlates, and clinical strategies. Cientif J Neurolog. 2019;1.4: 08-16.
Perrotta G. Post-traumatic stress disorder: Definition, contexts, neural correlations and cognitive-behavioral therapy. J Pub Health. 2019; 2(2): 40-7.
Perrotta G. The concept of altered perception in "body dysmorphic disorder": the subtle border between the abuse of selfies in social networks and cosmetic surgery, between socially accepted dysfunctionality and the pathological condition. J Neurol Neurol Sci Disord. 2019; 6(1): 001-007.
Perrotta G. Depressive disorders: Definitions, contexts, differential diagnosis, neural correlates and clinical strategies. Archives of Depression and Anxiety. Arch Depress Anxiety. 2019; 5(2): 009-033.
Perrotta G. Behavioral addiction disorder: definition, classifications, clinical contexts, neural correlates and clinical strategies. J Addi Adol Beh. 2019;2(1).
Perrotta G. Psychological trauma: definition, clinical contexts, neural correlations and therapeutic approaches. Curr Res Psychiatry Brain Disord. 2019; 01.
Perrotta G. Bipolar disorder: definition, differential diagnosis, clinical contexts and therapeutic approaches. J Neurosc Neurol Surg. 2019;5(1). http://dx.doi.org/10.31579/2578-8868/097
Perrotta G. Borderline Personality Disorder: definition, differential diagnosis, clinical contexts and therapeutic approaches. Ann Psychiatry Treatm. 2020; 4(1): 043-056. [Accessed 2022 Mar 26]. Available from: https://www.peertechzpublications.com/articles/APT-4-120.php
Perrotta G. Narcissism and psychopathological profiles: definitions, clinical contexts, neurobiological aspects and clinical treatments. J Clin Cases Rep. 2020; 4(S5): 12-25. https://doi.org/10.46619/joccr.2021.S5-1003
Perrotta G. Paraphilic disorder: definition, contexts and clinical strategies. J Neuro Research. 2019; 1(1): 4. https://doi.org/10.35702/nrj.10004
Perrotta G. Suicidal risk: definition, contexts, differential diagnosis, neural correlates and clinical strategies. J Neurosc Neurolog Surg. 2020;6(2)-114. http://dx.doi.org/10.31579/2688-7517/114
Perrotta G. The reality plan and the subjective construction of one's perception: the strategic theoretical model among sensations, perceptions, defence mechanisms, needs, personal constructs, beliefs system, social influences and systematic errors. J Clini Res Report. 2019; 1(1).
Perrotta G. Human mechanisms of psychological defence: definition, historical and psychodynamic contexts, classifications and clinical profiles. Int J Neurorehabilitation Eng. 2020;7:1.
Perrotta G. Psicologia clinica, Luxco Ed, 1th ed. 2019.
Reynaud M, Karila L, Blecha L, Benyamina A. Is Love Passion an Addictive Disorder? Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse. 2010 Sep;36(5):261-7. https://doi.org/10.3109/00952990.2010.495183
Perrotta G. Oxytocin and the role of “regulator of emotions”: definition, neurobiochemical and clinical contexts, practical applications and contraindications. Arch Depress Anxiety. 2020; 6(1): 001-005.
Fisher HE, Xu X, Aron A, Brown LL. Intense, passionate, romantic love: a natural addiction? How the fields that investigate romance and substance abuse can inform each other. Front Psychol. 2016 May 10;7:687. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2016.00687
Stanley SA. Addiction to Love? Sci Transl Med. 2017 Feb 22;9(378):eaam6067. https://doi.org/10.1126/scitranslmed.aam6067
Gratz KL, Roemer L. Multidimensional Assessment of Emotion Regulation and Dysregulation: Development, Factor Structure, and Initial Validation of the Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale. J Psychopathol Behav Asses. 2004; 26(1): 41-54. https://doi.org/10.1023/B:JOBA.0000007455.08539.94
Cooper R. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. Fifth Ed. 2013
Millon T. Personality disorders in modern life, Wiley, 2004.
Cermak T. Diagnosing and Treating Co-dependence. Johnson Books, Minnesota. 1986
Freud S. Pulsioni e loro destini, Bollati Boringhieri, Torino. 1980; 8.
Fromm E. The art of loving. New York: Harper & Brothers. 1956.
Liotti G. Le opere della coscienza. Psicopatologia e psicoterapia nella prospettiva cognitivo-evoluzionistica. Cortina, Milano. 2001.
Kernberg OF. Relazioni d’amore: normalità e patologia. Cortina, Milano. 1995.
Earp BD, Wudarczyk OA, Foddy B, Savulescu J. Addicted to love: what is love addiction and when should it be treated? Philos Psychiatr Psychol. 2017 Mar;24(1):77-92. https://doi.org/10.1353/ppp.2017.0011
Zou Z, Song H, Zhang Y, Zhang X. Romantic love vs. drug addiction may inspire a new treatment for addiction. Front Hum Neurosci. 2015 Feb 13;9:71. https://dx.doi.org/10.3389%2Ffpsyg.2016.01436
Perrotta G. Neonatal and infantile abuse in family setting. Open J Pediatr Child Health. 2020; 5(1): 034-042.
Perrotta G. The strategic clinical model in psychotherapy: theoretical and practical profiles. J Addi Adol Beh. 2019; 3(1).
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Copyright (c) 2020 Perrotta G